President Volodymyr Zelensky of Ukraine called on Russian troops to surrender in a video address posted online early Tuesday.
“On behalf of the Ukrainian people, I give you a chance,” he said in a translation of his address shared by his office. “If you surrender to our forces, we will treat you the way people are supposed to be treated — as people, decently.”
In his address, Mr. Zelensky said Russia had already lost 90 warplanes and that Russian troops “did not expect such resistance.”
“They believed in their propaganda, which has been lying about us for decades,” he said.
Mr. Zelensky’s call for surrender was not the first time the Ukrainian government made such a proposal to Russian troops. Two weeks ago, Ukraine’s defense minister, Oleksiy Reznikov, offered Russian soldiers cash and amnesty if they surrendered.
In an address on Saturday, Mr. Zelensky said thousands of Russian soldiers had either been captured or had surrendered. Earlier this month, the Pentagon said some Russian troops had surrendered but it did not say how many had done so.
Mr. Zelensky also said he was grateful for Russians who continued to fight Russian disinformation about the war, singling out a woman who walked in on a live broadcast of a Russian state-run news show on Monday evening, holding up a sign that said “They’re lying to you here.”
The woman, Marina Ovsyannikova, worked for Channel 1, the channel whose broadcast she stormed. She was later detained and was being held at a small police station, according to OVD-Info, an activist group that supports Russians detained for protesting.
“To those who are not afraid to protest: As long as your country has not completely closed itself off from the whole world, turning into a very large North Korea, you must fight.” Mr. Zelensky said. “You must not lose your chance.”
Mr. Zelensky said that some Russian troops were fleeing battlefields and abandoning equipment.
“Today, Russian troops are, in fact, one of the suppliers of equipment to our army,” he said.
Addressing Russian conscripts and officers, Mr. Zelensky asked them “why should you die?”
“What for?” Mr. Zelensky said. “I know that you want to survive. We hear your conversations in the intercepts. We hear what you really think about this senseless war, about this disgrace and about your state.”