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Want to raise strong, resilient kids? Create ‘nurturing routines,’ says parenting expert—here’s how

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Resilience is the ability to face a challenge and come out the other side with some measure of growth and success, and there has never been a more important time for parents to help their kids build it.

As a physician who studies early brain development, I’ve found one surprising factor that contributes to increased resilience at a young age: creating “nurturing routines.”

Studies show that having structure and familiar rituals teaches kids how to constructively manage themselves and their environment.

Nurturing routines help kids build resilience

When children do things in a similar way and at a similar time, over and over, they know what to expect. This predictability creates feelings of comfort and safety.

As a result, they are better equipped to navigate the unexpected, which is a cornerstone of resiliency. The baseline is always: “I’m going to be okay.”

Think of a nurturing routine as a security blanket or worn-out stuffed animal that provides a calm, loving environment in where the child feels comfortable exploring their feelings during a setback or challenge.

And as they begin to do parts of their routine with less supervision, they will grow more independent and confident.

Your child may have a morning routine that encourages healthy behaviors, like brushing their teeth and talking about their plan for the day, or a midday veggie snack that promotes a nutritious diet.

Here are some tips to keep in mind when creating these routines:

1. Encourage dialogue during the routine.

Children internalize parents’ communication style as their own “private speech,” so calm, loving prompts and questions throughout the day support emotional-regulation skills. 

Let’s say they have a nighttime routine that involves brushing their teeth and picking out pajamas. Encourage dialogue by saying, “Look at you, in your comfy clothes and ready to brush your teeth! First, we wet the toothbrush. What’s next?”

2. Explain the “why” behind a routine.

Explaining the why behind a routine helps kids learn what’s expected of them and feel the positive impact of completing the routine.

For example: “We had so much fun building with our blocks, but it’s time to clean up. The big blocks go in the blue bucket. Where do the little blocks go?”

After they answer, you can respond with: “That’s right! Let’s finish up so we can eat a snack to stay energized the rest of the day.”

This simple activity helps them practice language skills, taking turns, talking and understanding the importance behind certain actions.

3. Be consistent.

Remember that resiliency doesn’t develop overnight. Children need regular reminders of what these skills look like, so start early and be consistent.

Long or difficult days can make it hard to stick to a routine. Parenting requires flexibility. Sometimes a comforting statement can make up for a missed routine: “I’m sorry we didn’t get to read a bedtime story together. But I promise I’ll make time tomorrow.”

Lastly, praise your child when they follow a routine without help so they get into the habit of doing it consistently: “Thanks for folding the blankets this morning. Good remembering!”

Dr. Dana Suskind is a professor of surgery and pediatrics at the University of Chicago Medical Center and founder and co-director of the TMW Center for Early Learning + Public Health at the University of Chicago. She is the author of “Parent Nation: Unlocking Every Child’s Potential, Fulfilling Society’s Promise.” Follow her on Twitter @DrDanaSuskind.

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The New India: Expanding Influence Abroad, Straining Democracy at Home

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As India rises, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has faced little pushback as he weaponizes institutions to consolidate power and entrench his Hindu nationalist vision.

Florida Emergency Declared As Tropical Storm Ian Strengthens

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TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) — Gov. Ron DeSantis declared a state of emergency for all of Florida on Saturday as Tropical Storm Ian gains strength over the Caribbean and is forecast to become a major hurricane within days as it tracks toward the state.

DeSantis had initially issued the emergency order for two dozen counties on Friday. But he expanded the warning to the entire state, urging residents to prepare for a storm that could lash large swaths of Florida.

“This storm has the potential to strengthen into a major hurricane and we encourage all Floridians to make their preparations,” DeSantis said in a statement. “We are coordinating with all state and local government partners to track potential impacts of this storm.”

President Joe Biden also declared an emergency for the state, authorizing the Department of Homeland Security and the Federal Emergency Management Agency, or FEMA, to coordinate disaster relief efforts and provide assistance to protect lives and property.

The National Hurricane Center said Ian is forecast to rapidly strengthen in the coming days before moving over western Cuba and toward the west coast of Florida and the Florida Panhandle by the middle of next week. The agency said Floridians should have hurricane plans in place and advised residents to monitor updates of the storm’s evolving path.

It added that Ian was forecast to become a hurricane on Sunday and a major hurricane by late Monday or early Tuesday. Ian on Saturday evening had top sustained winds of 45 mph (75 kph) as it swirled about 230 miles (370 kilometers) south of Kingston, Jamaica.

John Cangialosi, a senior hurricane specialist at the Miami-based hurricane center, said it wasn’t yet clear exactly where Ian will hit hardest in Florida. He said the state’s residents should begin preparing for the storm, including gathering supplies for potential power outages.

“Too soon to say if it’s going to be a southeast Florida problem or a central Florida problem or just the entire state,” he said. “So at this point really the right message for those living in Florida is that you have to watch forecasts and get ready and prepare yourself for potential impact from this tropical system.”

The governor’s declaration frees up emergency protective funding and activates members of the Florida National Guard, his office said. His order stresses that there is risk for a storm surge, flooding, dangerous winds and other weather conditions throughout the state.

Elsewhere, powerful post-tropical cyclone Fiona crashed ashore early Saturday in Nova Scotia in the Atlantic Canada region. The storm washed houses into the sea, tore rooftops off others and knocked out power to the vast majority of two Canadian provinces with more than 500,000 customers affected at the storm’s height.

Fiona had transformed from a hurricane into a post-tropical storm late Friday, but it still had hurricane-strength winds and brought drenching rains and huge waves. There was no confirmation of fatalities or injuries.



‘Bring Beer’ And Vote: Michael Moore Predicts Midterm Victory For Dems

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Documentary filmmaker and progressive activist Michael Moore could hardly be more excited about the upcoming midterms, which he predicts will be a landslide victory for the Democrats.

But there’s a key caveat: “Everybody needs to show up,” Moore said Friday on “Real Time with Bill Maher.” And “you need to bring five to ten people with you on election day. Bring beer, make it a fun thing, have a party afterwards, whatever.”

Still, he emphasized: “I have never felt this optimistic.”

Moore pointed out that he was booed on Maher’s program six years earlier when he predicted Donald Trump would win the presidency.

“I think I had a pretty good sense of what was gonna happen. I think the opposite is gonna happen this time,” Moore said. “I think that there is going to be such a landslide against the traitors, especially the 147 Republicans who, just hours after the insurrection, voted to not certify the elected president of the United States, Joe Biden.”

Moore added: “I think that there is going to be so many people coming out to vote. I wanna thank the Supreme Court for reminding women they are in fact second-class citizens, and taking their rights away like this . . . I think there’s gonna’ be such a massive turnout of women.”

Maher joked that for the first time the midterm elections are “sexy” because the United States is essentially on “the brink of disaster,” which is, weirdly, a “bright spot” because it’s likely to turn out voters.

And there are “so many signs” of an upcoming Democratic victory, Moore said.

“I honestly think if we all do our work, and if we all get people to get out there, and get out there ourselves, we have a chance to do something,” Moore said. “I think we could throw out a huge number of these Republican traitors in November.”



Mali reports progress in political transition process, fighting terrorism — Global Issues

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The process to restore civilian rule in the wake of the August 2020 military coup in the West African country will conclude in March 2024, when power will be transferred to elected authorities. 

“I’m pleased to underline that some significant progress has already been made,” he said, referring to the passing of the electoral law, the establishment of an election management authority and the creation of commission to draw up a new Constitution. 

Fight against terrorism 

Turning to insecurity, Mr. Maïga said Mali is the only country in the world that is simultaneously confronting terrorism, intercommunal conflicts, cross-border organized crime, and violent acts by isolated individuals. 

“Alongside our return to constitutional order, Mali is continuing to fight tirelessly against this insecurity and particularly against extremist groups who are responsible for all kinds of abuse against our peaceful people,” he reported. 

Mr. Maïga said terrorist groups “have been seriously weakened”, though added “these criminal groups can still cause harm to a certain extent in their desperate attempts to deal a blow to our territorial integrity and to terrorize our people.” 

Military action, stabilization strategy 

The Government has stepped up efforts to recruit, train, equip and bolster the national security forces.   

A “global integrated strategy” that includes provision of social services has been devised, while another stabilization strategy for the volatile central region was also recently approved. 

He also provided an update on the peace deal to end unrest that had erupted in the north a decade ago, signed by the Government and two coalitions of armed groups in 2015. 

Following recent meetings, there was a “strong signal” that the parties want to commit to a dynamic new process to achieve its implementation, he reported. 

‘Paradigm shift’ for UN Mission 

Mr. Maïga addressed the UN Mission in Mali, known by the French acronym MINUSMA, whose mandate includes ensuring security, protecting civilians, supporting political dialogue and reconciliation, and assisting in the reestablishment of State authority. 

He said the Mission’s objectives have not been achieved after nearly 10 years in the country, and despite numerous Security Council resolutions. 

“This is why the Government of Mali reiterates its demand, expressed on numerous occasions, for a paradigm shift and an adaptation of MINUSMA to the environment in which it is deployed, and a better interlinking between this mission and the Malian authorities,” he said. 

The interim Prime Minister also criticized France for withdrawing its anti-terrorism force Barkhane from Mali last year, stating “my country was stabbed in the back”.   

He also accused the “French junta” of violating Malian airspace “by sending aircraft such as drones, military helicopters and fighter planes over 50 times, bringing information, weapons and ammunition to terrorist groups.” 

Detention of Ivoirian soldiers 

At the outset of his speech, Mr. Maïga blasted international response to the arrest of 49 soldiers from neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire who entered Mali in July. 

The troops were part of logistical support operations at MINUSMA, according to the Ivoirian authorities.   

(SOURCE: https://news.un.org/en/story/2022/08/1124692

Mali said the soldiers had arrived there without permission and are considered mercenaries. Three have since been released. 

Mr. Maiga expressed deep disagreement over statements by UN Secretary-General Antônio Guterres reported in the media. 

“Clearly the judicial nature of the infringements around this affair do not fall under the competences of the Secretary-General of the United Nations,” he said. 

He also spoke out against statements made by the head of the West African bloc ECOWAS, President Umaro Sissoco Embalo of Guinea-Bissau, and the President of Niger, Mohamed Bazoum. 

“We ask those who are refuting our version to ask if they would accept the military troops having hidden their identities by saying on their passports that they were painters or builders, would arrive with weapons in their airport without the country of destination having been informed in advance, with the idea of destabilizing the country,” he said. 

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Trump’s legal troubles are mounting. And his support is consolidating.

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“I don’t see this working in terms of impacting the perceptions of the president,” said Dave Carney, a national Republican strategist based in New Hampshire. “He is under attack by the left, they’re using all the tools of government, they’re politicizing the legal system – this is just the cherry on top.”

Ever since his 2016 presidential campaign, and continuing through his post-presidency, Trump has maintained his status in the GOP not in spite of scandals piling up around him, but in part because of his ability to capitalize on them, his brand of grievance politics animating the Republican base. The New York lawsuit was the product of a state attorney general’s investigation. But it was also coming from a Democrat, in a state epitomizing for Republicans the coastal elite.

“The more Trump is attacked, the higher he climbs among Republicans,” said Frank Luntz, the veteran Republican consultant and pollster. “He knows how to play the victim card perfectly.”

If the New York attorney general “is trying to ensure his renomination, which I wouldn’t rule out, this is a good way to do it,” another prominent Republican strategist said.

In the New York civil suit, Trump is facing accusations that he and his family engaged in long-time deception, including about his net worth, as part of a fraudulent effort to minimize tax bills and otherwise benefit financially.

The case is not without reputational liabilities for Trump. Even before the lawsuit was announced, there had been concerns inside Trump world that the former president’s ongoing focus on the 2020 election — and Trump’s effort to overturn it — may damage him by casting him as a figure of the past. That has turned up in polls showing Republicans’ openness to alternative candidates like Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis in 2024, and in Trump’s approval rating ticking down.

The New York lawsuit, said Mike Madrid, a Republican strategist who was a co-founder of the anti-Trump Lincoln Project, likely “just further consolidates his base.” But he said, “a lot of this stuff is going to keep coming, and this drip-drip-drip just chips away. Even a drop of water over a few years can erode a cliff of granite.”

But in the short term, the lawsuit may do more damage to Trump’s potential Republican rivals in 2024 than to the former president.

“All of these things are continued gifts to President Trump,” said John Thomas, a Republican political strategist who had been organizing a PAC to support DeSantis in 2024, but who put those plans on hold after the FBI raid and subsequent rallying of Republicans around Trump.

One Republican strategist who works with hard-line congressional candidates around the country said “the more the Democrats keep going after him, the better it is.” For people who “held their noses and voted for Trump,” the strategist said, “the more you tell that guy he’s a piece of shit, deplorable, everything that’s wrong with America, the more you’re pushing that guy into the MAGA camp. Politics is tribal.”

If he were advising DeSantis, he said, he would suggest coming to Trump’s defense on the New York case while working more generally to portray Trump as an elder, not current, statesman in the party: “If you’re Ron DeSantis, you want the MAGA people to see Trump as Ron Paul and you as [the younger] Rand Paul. He was a great guy in his time, but he’s not our leader anymore.”

Another Republican strategist who works on national races said potential rivals will gain little by belaboring Trump’s legal troubles. After all, there’s already been a “rally around the flag effect” in favor of Trump in the aftermath of the Mar-a-Lago search last month.

“I don’t think you go after him on the scandals. Everyone is aware of those. All you do is make enemies out of the hard core members of the base,” the strategist said. “The only way to run against him is to say he’s a loser. You have to basically say, I love everything you did. I loved the policy. I think you’re great to shake up the country. But you lost the Congress, Senate, the White House – and you did that in four years – that’s a record.”

It’s what becomes of that record in November — more than than the lawsuit in New York — that is likely to offer the true test of Trump’s durability ahead of 2024. Following a primary campaign in which Trump intervened across the electoral map, several U.S. Senate candidates he helped win primaries are at risk of losing their general election campaigns.

“I think we’re going to have to see how this election comes out,” said Dick Wadhams, a former Colorado Republican Party chair and longtime party strategist. “Because if we lose a lot of Senate races, or House races for that matter, that we should have won, and that can be traced back to the emergence of Trump once again as such a dominant figure in this midterm election campaign, I think that will probably hurt him long term.”

Thomas said he concluded earlier this year that “Trump’s going to be the nominee if he wants it, unless we get blown out in the midterms and a lot of Trump’s candidates lose.”

In other words, the litigation in New York has nothing to do with that calculation.

“I think some people are like, this is the straw that’s going to break the camel’s back,” Thomas said. “I don’t see that at all.”

For Republicans following Trump, the picture on Wednesday was of simply another partisan clash. At the same time the New York state attorney general, Letitia James outlined her allegations of fraud against Trump and his family, his allies lashed out at the attorney general and circulated videos painting her work as a “witch hunt” against the former president and that she has tried to politically capitalize on since her campaign.

They also questioned whether James’ announcement, less than 50 days away from the midterm elections, was timed in order to boost her own political ambitions. James, a Democrat, has long been a political boogeyman for Trump, who regularly plays a video of her campaign promises to take him on at rallies.

“She is a fraud who campaigned on a ‘get Trump’ platform, despite the fact that the city is one of the crime and murder disasters of the world under her watch,” Trump posted to Truth Social on Wednesday.

But while Trump and his allies have tried to brush off the suit as just another form of political targeting, there is a recognition that her lawsuit could drag on in the courts — and be at the very least embarrassing for Trump.

The former president built his brand around a picture of wealth and success, and grossly overvaluing his worth creates an “emperor has no clothes” situation for the businessman turned politician.

In particular, for a former president who has long boasted about his wealth, James said on Wednesday that Trump “falsely inflated his net worth by billions of dollars to unjustly enrich himself and to cheat the system, thereby cheating all of us.”

James Madison uses 22-pt second half to stun App State, 32-28

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It’s been quite a season already for the Appalachian State Mountaineers. 

A week removed from knocking off Troy on a last-second Hail Mary, App State was the team left disappointed this Saturday. 

The James Madison Dukes overcame a three-score first-half deficit, coming from behind to stun the Mountaineers, 32-28

James Madison actually took the lead first on Saturday, connecting on a field goal early to take a 3-0 advantage into the second quarter. However, App State would respond with four touchdowns in the second to build an 18-point lead at the break. However, it was all James Madison the rest of the way.

The Dukes outscored the Mountaineers 22-0 in the second half, including two fourth-quarter scores to complete the shocking comeback. 

Trailing 28-17 to start the fourth, James Madison quarterback Todd Centeio found Terrance Greene Jr. for a 36-yard touchdown to bring the Dukes to within three after a successful two-point conversion. 



Say ‘yes to a world united among peoples,’ urges Holy See — Global Issues

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Quoting Pope Francis, head of the Roman Catholic Church, he said, “it is necessary to pass from the strategies of political, economic and military power to a plan for global peace: No to a world divided among conflicting powers; Yes, to a world united among peoples and civilizations that respect each other’,” he said,

‘Fragmented solutions’

Noting that “the great challenges of our time are all global,” he noted that while problems are more interconnected, solutions are increasingly fragmented – fueling tensions, divisions, uncertainty, and instability.

To move forward, the papal envoy upheld the need to recover our “shared identity as a single human family”.

He said that at the UN we are called to work together to implement the Charter and respond to challenges faced by humanity.

Reputation in question

However, the UN’s progress over the past century in reducing global armed conflict has been questioned in recent years, said the Cardinal, observing a “perennial logic of self-interest,” seeking to extend economic, ideological and military influence.

Yet, the Holy See strongly believes in multilateralism and the UN’s “irreplaceable role”.

“For that reason, Pope Francis…speaks repeatedly in support of this Organization, while at the same time encouraging a process of renewal and calling on Governments to heed the plea of those countries and peoples, who suffer most from the consequences of its current limitations,” said the Cardinal.

‘Ideological colonization’

The General Assembly’s focus to revitalize its work reflects “a healthy instinct, for, as time passes, all institutions need to examine themselves,” continued the papal envoy.

Pope Francis has described the UN’s crisis of credibility as “ideological colonization”, arising from its “apparent impotence in times of crisis” and an agenda that frequently shifts focus “to matters that by their divisive nature do not strictly belong to the aims of the Organization,”

“The revitalization process must restore focus to those common aims outlined in the UN Charter: peace and security, human rights, and development,” said Cardinal Parolin.

Ukraine

He then spoke about the repercussions of the war in Ukraine, including food and fuel price increases; displacement surges; nuclear security concerns; and the vulnerability of short-sighted energy policies.

“As always in times of crisis, it is the poorest among us who suffer the most”.

The war had not only undermined the nuclear nonproliferation regime, but also presented the danger of nuclear devastation – either through escalation or accident.

The papal envoy also drew attention to the issue of a nuclear-weapon State at war with one that renounced its arsenal for security guarantees, saying that it would discourage other States that possess nuclear weapons from following suit, “complicating the path toward a world free of nuclear weapons”.

Migration

Mixed migration also needs to be addressed through the Global Compact for Safe, Regular, and Orderly Migration, Global Compact on Refugees, and the fulfilment of international obligations to generate conditions for people to live in peace, security and dignity in their countries of origin.

“The framework of international laws and agreements providing protection to refugees and upholding the human rights of migrants, regardless of status, is under significant strain,” he acknowledged.

“Mixed flows are notoriously difficult to manage,” and without updating international protection systems and relevant legal instruments “the current chaos that continues to result in countless acts of violence, abuse and increasing loss of life will only get worse,” warned the Cardinal.

Climate

Meanwhile, the world continues to be “gravely affected” by climate change, indicating “clear signs of our failure” to address it – despite overwhelming scientific evidence.

It is now up to each State Party to key international agreements honour the obligations incumbent upon them and to implement such agreements,’ the papal envoy said, advocating for political will at the upcoming UN Climate Conference (COP 27) in Egypt to take decisive and transformative decisions to protect the environment through stronger mitigation measures, scaled-up adaptation efforts and enhanced flows of appropriate finance.

Finally, he noted that the Holy See has deposited instruments of accession to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement – becoming a party to both prior to COP27.

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Investors Fleeing Company That Plans To Merge With Trump’s Truth Social, Take It Public

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There’s more bad news for the company that’s supposed to merge with Donald Trump’s Truth Social to take it public: Investors are beginning to jump ship.

Digital World Acquisition Corp. — the special purpose acquisition company (SPAC) that Truth Social needs to go public — revealed in a Securities and Exchange Commission filing Friday that investors have backed out of $139 million in commitments of the $1 billion previously announced by the company.

There’s likely more to come. Investors, who agreed to put up the money nearly a year ago, can now drop their commitments because Digital World missed its initial Sept. 20 deadline to merge with Truth Social.

DWAC is extending the time frame for the deal by three months after shareholders refused to approve its bid for a 12-month extension. But investors can still back out.

It’s just the latest trouble for Digital World and Truth Social.

A key vendor complained last month that Truth Social bills were going unpaid. A major web-hosting operator said Truth Social owed about $1.6 million in contractually obligated payments, an allegation suggesting the operation’s finances are in “significant disarray,” Fox Business News reported.

In another setback, Truth Social’s application for a trademark was turned down last month because its name was too similar to other operations.

Truth Social is hardly the juggernaut some investors had hoped. The social media platform is largely a forum for Trump, who repeatedly posts messages touting himself and reposts articles from right-wing media praising him each day.

Responding comments mostly involve QAnon conspiracies, over-the-top pro-Trump and anti-Joe Biden memes, and cringey comments like: “Ode to the greatest President ever.”

Comments lack the back-and-forth of social media platforms like Twitter that make them more of a dialogue. Most negative comments on Truth Social are buried or vanish from the site, which organizers had promised would be censorship free.

Trump launched Truth Social after he was booted off Twitter in the wake of the Jan. 6, 2021, riot at the U.S. Capitol. Trump has been using the platform much as he did with Twitter — to rail against enemies, complain he’s being victimized and falsely insist he won the 2020 presidential election.

Last month, Digital World warned in an SEC filing that a dip in Trump’s popularity could hurt the business. The filing noted that Truth Social’s success hinges on the “reputation and popularity” of the investigation-plagued Trump, who chairs the Trump Media and Technology Group, which owns and operates the social media platform.

“In order to be successful, TMTG will need millions of those people to register and regularly use TMTG’s platform,” the filing warned. “If President Trump becomes less popular or there are further controversies that damage his credibility or the desire of people to use a platform associated with him,” the planned merger with Digital World “could be adversely affected,” it warned.



N Korea fires ballistic missile ahead of US-S Korea drills | Military News

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Japan condemns ‘unprecedented pace’ of North Korean missile launches, lodges official protest through Beijing embassy.

North Korea has fired a ballistic missile towards its eastern seas, ahead of planned military drills by the United States and South Korea.

The South’s military said Sunday’s weapon test involved a single, short-range ballistic missile fired from near the Taechon area of North Pyongyan Province just before 7am (22:00 GMT on Saturday).

It did not immediately release further specifics about the weapon, including what type of missile it was or how far it flew.

Japanese Defence Minister Yasukazu Hamada said Japan estimated it reached maximum altitude at 50 kilometers (31 miles) and may have flown on an irregular trajectory.

Hamada said it fell outside Japan’s exclusive economic zone and there were no reports of problems with shipping or air traffic.

Many of the short-range missiles tested by North Korea in recent years have been designed to evade missile defences by maneuvering during flight and flying on a lower, “depressed” trajectory, experts have said.

“If you include launches of cruise missiles this is the nineteenth launch, which is an unprecedented pace,” Hamada said. “North Korea’s action represent a threat to the peace and security of our country, the region and the international community and to do this as the Ukraine invasion unfolds is unforgivable.”

He added that Japan had delivered a protest through North Korea’s embassy in Beijing.

The launch comes after the arrival of the nuclear-powered American aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan in South Korea to participate in joint drills with South Korean forces, and ahead of a planned visit to Seoul this week by US Vice President Kamala Harris.

It was the first time the North carried out such a launch after firing eight short-range ballistic missiles in one day in early June, which led the US to call for more sanctions for violating United Nations Security Council resolutions.

North Korea rejects UN resolutions as an infringement of its sovereign right to self defence and space exploration, and has criticised previous joint drills by the US and South Korea as proof of their hostile policies.

The drills have also been criticised by Russia and China, which have called on all sides not to take steps that raise tensions in the region, and have called for an easing of sanctions.

After North Korea conducted an unprecedented number of missile tests earlier this year, including its intercontinental ballistic missiles for the first time since 2017, the US and South Korea said they would boost joint drills and military displays of power to deter Pyongyang.

“Defense exercises are not going to prevent North Korean missile tests,” said Leif-Eric Easley, an international affairs professor at Ewha University in Seoul.

But US-South Korea security cooperation helps to deter a North Korean attack and counter Pyongyang’s coercion, and the allies should not let provocations stop them from conducting military training and exchanges needed to maintain the alliance, he added.

South Korea’s Yonhap news agency reported on Saturday that North Korea may also be preparing to test a submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM), citing the South’s military.

A North-Korea focused think-tank, 38North, also said last week that Pyongyang was possibly preparing to launch a new submarine capable of firing ballistic missiles. The group said its analysis of commercial satellite imagery shows multiple barges and other vessels gathered at the eastern port of Sinpo, where the country has a major shipyard building submarines.

North Korea has been pushing hard to acquire an ability to fire nuclear-armed missiles from submarines, which it sees as a key piece in building a nuclear arsenal that can bolster its deterrent as they would ensure retaliation after absorbing a nuclear attack on land.

Ballistic missile submarines would also add a new maritime threat to the North’s growing collection of solid-fuel weapons fired from land vehicles, which are being developed with an apparent aim to overwhelm missile defense systems in South Korea and Japan.

Still, experts say the heavily sanctioned nation would need considerably more time, resources and major technological improvements to build at least several submarines that could travel quietly in seas and reliably execute strikes.

 

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